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Hello World Benchmark

How the benchmarks were performed?

We created a “Hello World” benchmark seeking to identify the smallest load overhead of each framework. Many people don’t like this kind of benchmark because real-world applications require more complex features or structures. However, these tests identify the minimum time spent by each framework to perform a simple task. Such a task represents the minimum requirement for every framework to process a single request.

More specifically, the benchmark only measures the time it takes for a framework to start, run an action and free up resources at the end of the request. Any PHP application based on an MVC architecture will require this time. Due to the simplicity of the benchmark, we ensure that the time needed for a more complex request will be higher.

A controller and a view have been created for each framework. The controller “say” and action “hello”. The action only sends data to the view which displays it (“Hello!”). Using the “ab” benchmark tool we sent 2000 requests using 10 concurrent connections to each framework.

What measurements were recorded?

These were the measurements we record to identify the overall performance of each framework:

  • Requests per second
  • Time across all concurrent requests
  • Number of included PHP files on a single request (measured using function get_included_files.
  • Memory Usage per request (measured using function memory_get_usage.

Results

Yii (YII_DEBUG=false) Version yii-1.1.13

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/helloworld/yii/index.php?r=say/hello
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/yii/index.php?r=say/hello
Document Length:        61 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   2.081 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      508000 bytes
HTML transferred:       122000 bytes
Requests per second:    961.28 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       10.403 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       1.040 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          238.44 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0   10   4.3      9      42
Processing:     0    0   1.0      0      24
Waiting:        0    0   0.8      0      17
Total:          3   10   4.3      9      42

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      9
  66%     11
  75%     13
  80%     14
  90%     15
  95%     17
  98%     21
  99%     26
 100%     42 (longest request)

Symfony Version 2.1.6

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/Symfony/web/app.php/say/hello/
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/Symfony/web/app.php/say/hello/
Document Length:        16 bytes

Concurrency Level:      5
Time taken for tests:   1.848 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      249000 bytes
HTML transferred:       16000 bytes
Requests per second:    541.01 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       9.242 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       1.848 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          131.55 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    9   4.8      8      61
Processing:     0    0   0.6      0      15
Waiting:        0    0   0.6      0      15
Total:          4    9   4.8      8      61

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      8
  66%      9
  75%     11
  80%     12
  90%     15
  95%     18
  98%     22
  99%     30
 100%     61 (longest request)

CodeIgniter 2.1.0

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/codeigniter/index.php/say/hello
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/codeigniter/index.php/say/hello
Document Length:        16 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   1.888 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      418000 bytes
HTML transferred:       32000 bytes
Requests per second:    1059.05 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       9.442 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.944 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          216.15 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    9   4.1      9      33
Processing:     0    0   0.8      0      19
Waiting:        0    0   0.7      0      16
Total:          3    9   4.2      9      33

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      9
  66%     10
  75%     11
  80%     12
  90%     14
  95%     16
  98%     21
  99%     24
 100%     33 (longest request)

Kohana 3.2.0

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/helloworld/kohana/index.php/say/hello
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/kohana/index.php/say/hello
Document Length:        15 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   2.324 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      446446 bytes
HTML transferred:       30030 bytes
Requests per second:    860.59 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       11.620 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       1.162 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          187.60 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0   11   5.1     10      64
Processing:     0    0   1.9      0      39
Waiting:        0    0   1.4      0      35
Total:          3   11   5.3     11      64

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     11
  66%     13
  75%     15
  80%     15
  90%     17
  95%     18
  98%     24
  99%     31
 100%     64 (longest request)

Fuel 1.2.1

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/helloworld/fuel/public/say/hello
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/fuel/public/say/hello
Document Length:        16 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   2.742 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      418000 bytes
HTML transferred:       32000 bytes
Requests per second:    729.42 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       13.709 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       1.371 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          148.88 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0   13   6.0     12      79
Processing:     0    0   1.3      0      22
Waiting:        0    0   0.8      0      21
Total:          4   14   6.1     13      80

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     13
  66%     15
  75%     17
  80%     17
  90%     19
  95%     24
  98%     30
  99%     38
 100%     80 (longest request)

Zend Framework 1.11.11

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/helloworld/zendfw/public/index.php
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/zendfw/public/index.php
Document Length:        16 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   5.641 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      418000 bytes
HTML transferred:       32000 bytes
Requests per second:    354.55 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       28.205 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       2.820 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          72.36 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0   27   9.6     25      89
Processing:     0    1   3.0      0      70
Waiting:        0    0   2.9      0      70
Total:          9   28   9.6     26      90

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     26
  66%     28
  75%     32
  80%     34
  90%     41
  95%     46
  98%     55
  99%     62
 100%     90 (longest request)

Laravel 3.2.5

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/helloworld/laravel/public/say/hello

This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/laravel/public/say/hello
Document Length:        15 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   4.090 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      1665162 bytes
HTML transferred:       30045 bytes
Requests per second:    489.03 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       20.449 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       2.045 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          397.61 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0   20   7.6     19      92
Processing:     0    0   2.5      0      53
Waiting:        0    0   2.5      0      53
Total:          6   20   7.6     19      93

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     19
  66%     21
  75%     23
  80%     24
  90%     29
  95%     34
  98%     42
  99%     48
 100%     93 (longest request)

Phalcon Version 0.8.0

# ab -n 2000 -c 10 http://localhost/bench/helloworld/phalcon/index.php?_url=/say/hello
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)


Server Software:        Apache/2.2.22
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /bench/helloworld/phalcon/index.php?_url=/say/hello
Document Length:        16 bytes

Concurrency Level:      10
Time taken for tests:   0.789 seconds
Complete requests:      2000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      418000 bytes
HTML transferred:       32000 bytes
Requests per second:    2535.82 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       3.943 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.394 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          517.56 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    4   1.7      3      23
Processing:     0    0   0.2      0       6
Waiting:        0    0   0.2      0       6
Total:          2    4   1.7      3      23

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      3
  66%      4
  75%      4
  80%      4
  90%      5
  95%      6
  98%      8
  99%     14
 100%     23 (longest request)

Graphs

The first graph shows how many requests per second each framework was able to accept. The second shows the average time across all concurrent requests.

Conclusion

The compiled nature of Phalcon offers extraordinary performance that outperforms all other frameworks measured in these benchmarks.